Imagine the ground of Arafah, back on the 10th of Hijra. The ground is packed with pilgrims who are looking towards the Jabil e Rehmat of the mount of Arafah with the eyes filled with tears. There is a man over there whose Ihram glows like a pearl. The man who was given a very heavy task to fulfill by none other than the Lord of lords ﷻ. In His 63 years of lifespan, he was humiliated, abandoned by his people, disgraced, hurt and even escaped death many times. His own tribe planned to kill him just because of the cause he was perceiving –“There are none other deities than ALLAH ﷻ”. Yes! He is Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
“ I will wait for you near the Hauz of Kausar!”
The last sermon of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ holds immense importance about Islam and its teachings. It is a brief conclusion of all the teachings Allah’s Apostle ﷺ gave in his whole life –complete guidance for the entire humanity and next generations that have still to come up. The sermon talks about multiple things in broader perspectives, which are also explained in the Quran and Hadith as well in detail. In order, to understand the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ delivered to its humanity. Start by focusing on the five basic guidelines, which his sermons deliver for the entire Muslim Ummah.
Everyone is accountable for his/her own deeds. The world in which we live is crowded with thousands of people in the form of family, friends, and strangers. Every human being that acts his own deeds, no one is responsible for the actions a person performs towards himself or others. If he is selfish towards others, his bad deed goes into the record to be analyzed on the Day of Judgment. If he is kind, helping, caring towards others, he will be rewarded for his good deed. Everyone is accountable for his own deeds. If everyone would have let alone, the world would be a much better place to live today.
Follow Quran And Hadith
The second guideline that everyone must follow form Prophet Muhammad ﷺlast sermon that deals with your everyday lives according to the Quran and Hadith. They are the basic guidelines that were preserved for the Muslim Ummah to learn, follow, and live according to it. The Muslim Ummah should know that the Quran is the last holy book and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is the last prophet.
Women And Men’s Rights
The women’s rights over men and men’s rights over women are explicitly explained and supported at various places in the Quran and Hadith. In the last sermon, Allah’s Apostle ﷺ declared the men of Islam as the protector of women’s right and warned them to take it really seriously otherwise.
Justice And Equality
Justice system is important to practice. There will be numerous occasions in life where one has to take decisions with justice and equality. It is upon men who have to establish the justice system and make sure everyone follows it. Like followed at the time of our Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).
Five Pillars Of Islam
Lastly, the five pillars of Islam hold great importance. They are like building blocks. The sermon emphasizes the importance of worshiping Allah five times daily, fasting in the month of Ramadan, giving out charity and alms, and performing Hajj 2016.